1 Neonatal Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Allergy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Infectious Disease,Shiraz University of Medical sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Student of Research, University of California San Diego, San Diego, United States of America


Background: It has been believed that infants are at a lower risk for the severe symptoms and complications that arise from COVID-19. This report represents details on a newborn with sepsis that has been diagnosed with COVID-19 and, unfortunately, did not survive.
Case presentation: The case was a 1-day-old female newborn, admitted to the surgical intensive care unit in Namazee Hospital, Shiraz, Iran, for a bladder exstrophy operation. She gradually started to deteriorate on the fourth day after the surgery, diagnosed with sepsis based on the results of her blood culture. Progressively, her vital signs and blood tests fell within normal ranges after being treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Without any fever, the neonate became severely irritable on the 16th day after her birth and hospitalization. Considering lymphopenia, high CRP, and abnormal chest x-ray, pharyngeal swab sampled for COVID 19. The newborn died from multi-organ failure on the 18th day of life. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) confirmed the COVID 19 infection in the dead newborn. The parents’ pharyngeal sample, however, was negative for COVID 19.
Conclusion: Growing awareness of sepsis as a risk factor for the severity of the COVID-19 infection in the neonatal period can be a form of knowledge for physicians to begin early treatment and reduce odds of mortality in this group of patients.