Background: The increase of ADHD affects family relations and the mental health of family members as well as the child himself. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of swimming training on reducing coping behaviors, cognitive problems and inattention of Elementary School female students with hyperactivity disorder.
Method: The present applied research follows a descriptive-analytical method and a pre-post test experimental-control design. The participants included children with signs of hyperactivity (age=7.2±1.6 years) from welfare centers of Tabriz. The participants were randomly assigned to two experimental (n=15) and control (n=15) groups. Before the initiation of the training program, the Conners questionnaire (parent form) was completed by the parents. The training was held every week in two 45-minute sessions for 2 months. At the end of the training, a practical test was performed according to the standards of the province sports board, and the scores were recorded on special sheets. After completing the exercises and testing, the Conners questionnaire for parents was again distributed among the parents. T tests were used for analyzing the data.
Results: The results showed that swimming had a significant positive effect on reducing coping behaviors, cognitive problems and inattention of elementary school hyperactive girls.
Conclusion: Exercise strengthens the primary atrial nervous system and promotes superior brain functions such as motor skills and integration in action, which can reduce social maladaptation by creating a conducive environment for increased self-confidence and empowerment