Document Type : original article

Authors

1 Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant professor of biostatistics Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Ph.D. in Nursing, Assistant Professor, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

5 Department of Biostatistics, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6 , Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: Hospitalization of an infant in an intensive care unit may disrupt the normal process of parent-infant attachment. this study aimed to evaluate the quality of attachment and determine its related factors in parents of infants with respiratory assist devices.

Methods: This correlational descriptive study was conducted with 180 parents of infants with respiratory assist devices hospitalized in the Mofid Children Hospital in Tehran, Iran. The data gathering instrument consisted of a demographic questioner and the Parent-Infant Attachment Questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 22.

Findings: The total score of attachment was 57.43+ and among the dimensions of the attachment questionnaire, the quality of attachment had the highest score. Also in parental and infant demographic variables, the previous history of hospitalization, father's age, and unit type had a significant relationship with attachment total score. Also, regression results showed that parent –pediatric attachment score of parents on infants admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit is 1.97 units less than infants admitted to the NICU. And with the increasing age of the father, the rate of the parent–pediatric attachment to the child decreases by 0.19 and the history of the previous hospitalization will lead to an increase in attachment to the infant by 3.76 units.

Conclusion: Although the overall score of attachment in the parents of pediatrics dependent on the respiratory devices in the present study was undesirable, but the respiratory assisted device did not affect the parent-pediatric attachment score. Therefore, further studies are recommended, to more accurately determine the relevant factors of the parent- pediatric attachment.

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