Document Type : original article


1 Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Physical Education, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

3 Visiting Scholar, Indiana University, School of Public Health, Department of Kinesiology, USA

4 Ph.D in Sport Sciences, Department of Physical Education, Farhangian University, Gorgan, Iran


Aim: It has been shown that social support is an essential factor for participation of children in physical activity. However, this issue among children with ADHD has been rarely investigated. Therefore, the aim of present study was to examine the effects social support on participation of children with ADHD in physical activity with considering the emotional wellbeing as a mediator.

Method: Descriptive-correlation method was the study approach. Totally, 103 children with ADHD aged 10 to 12 years old attended in special school for children with ADHD participated in this study. Social support, physical activity, and emotional wellbeing were measured by using standard questionnaires. Data was analyzed by using structural equation modelling.

Results: Descriptive data showed that our sample had relatively low amount of physical activity, moderate level of perceived social support and emotional well-being. Social support positively affected physical activity (T=6.954) and emotional wellbeing (T=6.954). Moreover, emotional wellbeing positively affected physical activity (T=6.954). Finally, emotional wellbeing has significantly mediated the association between social support and physical activity (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The results of present study indicates that urgent strategies are needed for children with ADHD, as they had small amounts of physical activity. Also, social support can be considered as a vital factor for participation of children with ADHD in physical activity. Finally, we can consider emotional wellbeing as a possible mechanism in the effects of social support on physical activity among children with ADHD.