Document Type : original article


1 Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Nursing and Midwifery School, Pediatric nursing department, Tehran, Iran

2 Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Pediatric Nursing Department Nursing and Midwifery School, Tehran, Iran

3 Shahod Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

4 Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Assistant professor of biostatistics Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Background and aims The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising rapidly. Adolescence is also related to weaker medication adherence and increased risk of psychiatric disorders. The study aims to know the relationship between parenting style and family resilience with regimen adherence. 
Materials and method:  This research is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The 180 adolescents with type 2 diabetes and their parents were selected for convenience sampling at Mofid and Taleghani Hospitals, Tehran, Iran. The instruments are "Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities," "the Family Resilience Assessment Scale," and "Parenting Style and Dimensions Questionnaire." The sampling duration was from February to April 2021; descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation coefficient were used using the SPSS version 2021.
Results: The results showed that family resilience was moderate in most participants (80%). The mean score of family resilience was 2.94±0.29 and was higher in the” family Belief systems” (3.05±0.347). Regimen adherence was moderate in most participants (60%). Parents of Adolescents have higher use of authoritative parenting styles (3.70± 0.54). Adherence to non-smoking (6.31± 1.23) and specific medications (5.55 ± 1.28) were higher than adherence to diet, physical exercise, blood glucose monitoring, and foot care. Authoritative parenting styles (r=0.524   P=0.000) and total family resilience (r=0. 599 P=0.000) were positively related to total regimen adherence. Family resilience was positively correlated with authoritative parenting styles (r=0.385 p=0.000). Authoritarian and permissive styles were not correlated with regimen adherence (p>0.05).
Conclusions: Adherence to the regimen positively correlated with family resilience and authoritative parenting styles for adolescents with type 2 diabetes