Introduction: Providing high-quality medical services and training future specialists is one of the most vital tasks of the medical education system but there is still no agreement on the best strategy to selection the best candidate with excellent practice in the future. This study aimed to review studies about current criteria that be used.
Material and methods: In this systematized review, the research question was “What are the criteria for selecting pediatric residents in medical universities?" PubMed, Scopus and ISI databases were searched electronically on March 23, 2022 with defined strategies so 624 articles were retrieved. After omitting duplications and title and abstract screening, finally 72 full papers studied and results were extracted form 17 eligible articles.
Results: Based on the review 11 criteria and tools were identified that includes: Structured Interview (SI), Letter of Recommendation (LoR), Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI), P-Mex, Assessment Letter for Pediatrics (ALPs), Situational Judgment Test (SJT), Scholar activities, Global assessment, Competency-based assessment center, University grades, USMLE scores. Conclusion: Findings suggested that It is necessary to determine a valid and reliable framework based on expected competencies and specific tasks that includes cognitive and non-cognitive qualities that predict successful future performance.