Document Type : original article
- Nagwa Mohamed Sabry Mahmoud 1
- Suzan Omar Mousa 2
- Reham Ali Ibrahem 3
- Walid A. M. Omara 3
- Ahlam M. Ismail 4
1 Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Egypt
2 Assistant professor of Pediatric, Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Egypt
3 Assistant professor of Microbiology and immunology, Microbiology and immunology department faculty of pharmacy, Minia University, Egypt
4 Professor of Pediatrics, Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Egypt
Background: Admission to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is compulsory for children with a severely complicated form of COVID-19, who are hemodynamically unstable. Our study determined the degree to which our PICU preparedness measures impacted patient outcomes and infection control management within the PICU of Minia University Hospital in Egypt.
Methods: 179 pediatric patients, admitted to the PICU isolation unit with suspected or confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19, were studied retrospectively. We conducted descriptive analyses on the patients' characteristics and outcomes and the basic concepts and procedures for PICU readiness are discussed.
Results: The patients ranged in age from one month to sixteen years, with an average age of 8.60±4.84 years, 44.69 % of whom were males. Fever, shortness of breath, and cough were the most common symptoms on admission. The most common comorbidities were neurological disorders, heart disease, and respiratory disease, with percentages of 27 %, 25 %, and 23 %, respectively. Overall, mortality was 22.9 %. Only 21 (0.5%) of the hospital's healthcare staff were infected. The infection did not spread to other non-COVID parts of the hospital.
Conclusion: Our PICU strategies and preparation ensured adequate prevention of infection spreading to other units and HWCs, as well as lowering mortality and improving COVID-19 patients’ outcomes.
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