Document Type : original article
- Maliheh Kadivar 1
- Mohammad-Taghi Majnoon 2
- Shirin Mohammadi 3
- Mahrokh Goldoost-Baghi 4
- Nasrin Bayati 5
- Somayeh Emamgholi 5
- Roghayeh Jamali 4
- Mamak Sahriat 6
1 Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics Children&rsquo;s Medical Center Tehran University of Medical Sciences
2 Pediatrics Department of Pediatrics, Division of pediatric cardiology, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 1. Associate professor, Neonatal Health Research Center, Research Institute for Children&amp;amp;#039;s Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2. Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Children&amp;a
4 Bc of Nursing, Children’s Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Msc of Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing. Children’s Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Maternal & Child Health Specialist, Maternal, Fetal & Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Echocardiography (ECHO) is a non-radiation real-time technique for evaluating Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC) tips that could overcome the limitations of plain radiographs, including the static and single image and exposing neonates to radiation. This study compared the accuracy of ECHO and radiography for PICC tip positioning in neonates.
Methods: This cross-sectional pilot study was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of the Children's Medical Center in Tehran, Iran. Ultrasonography was used to visualize the end of the catheter in the vessels. After insertion of the catheter, a chest x-ray along with the ECHO was performed by a pediatric cardiologist blinded to the preliminary radiographic reports, and the results were compared and interpreted.
Results: Forty infants with mean gestational ages of 35.4±3.3 weeks were enrolled in this study which was conducted during 12 months, from 2019 to 2020. The radiography results confirmed the correct PICC location in 29 infants (72.5%), which was simultaneously confirmed by ECHO in 28 infants (70.0%). The ECHO results indicated inappropriate placement in 12 infants (30%), and radiographs indicated correct placement in 11 infants (27.5%). This confirmed the higher accuracy of ECHO
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