Document Type : systematic review
1 Assistant Professor of Infectious Disease Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine Shahid Mostafa Khomaeini Hospital Ilam University of Medical sciences
2 Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Mostafa Khomaeini Hospital, Ilam University of Medical sciences, Ilam, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Pulmonary Diseases Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Mostafa Khomaeini Hospital Ilam University of Medical sciences, Ilam, Iran
4 Assistant Professor of Neurology, School of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Background: UTIs are classified as upper or lower. UTIs can be asymptomatic or manifest fever, abdominal pain, sepsis, hematuria and typical renal colic.
Method: This meta-analysis study aimed to determine the prevalence of UTIs among Iranian patients with FC with specific keywords prevalence, UTIs, FC and Febrile convulsion, Children, Urinary tract infection, Febrile seizure, Prevalence, Pediatrics, from the beginning of 2010 to the end of the year 2022. The search was conducted by two people (one neurologist and one pediatrics) in ISI-SCOPUS-PUBMED, SID, Mgiran and Google Scholar databases. All the data were collected by the internal ward specialist present in the research. the study checklist included the author's name, the year of publication and the location of the study, the number and prevalence of UTI, which were analyzed using the RANDOM model after entering the CMA3 software.
Results: Result showed, 6 articles were analyzed and the total sample size was 1480 people, of whom 778 were boys and 702 were girls. The studies were published between 2011 and 2018, the lowest prevalence (11.1%) was reported in a study by Akbar et al. in Golestan city and the highest prevalence rate (15.2%) was related to a study by Mahyar et al. in the city of Qazvin. According to the results, the prevalence of UTI is equal to 3.7 (95% CI: 1.3-10.4) in boys, 15 (95% CI: 12.2-18.2) in girls with FS and the overall rate is equal to 9.8 (95% CI: 7.6-12.6).
Conclusions: Considering the overall prevalence of UTIs (9.8%) and its high rate in girls (15%), preventive interventions are suggested.