:Gelatin and chitosan are known as biodegradable and biocompatible biopolymers.These biopolymers have recently receivedincreasingly more attention for tissueengineering.The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity effects of gelatin-chitosan film on bone marrow stromal cell(BMSCs) culture in rat.
Materials & Methods: First, gelatin- chitosan composites film were prepared by solution mixing, followed by film casting of both biopolymers in glacial acetic acid.After two passage of BMSCs culture, the cells were cultured in four plate groups including: control plates have no any film,gelatinplates,chitosan plates and gelatin- chitosan plates.Theproliferation,differentiation,viability and apoptosis rates of BMSCs were studied duringthesecond,fourthand sixth days.The activity of superoxidedismutase(SOD),catalase(CAT)and glutathione(GSH) and malondialdehyde(MDA) levels were determined by using biochemical methods.
Results:The results showed that the mean BMSCs proliferation significantly reduced in chitosan group compared to control group (p<0.05),but in gelatin and gelatin- chitosan groups were similar to control group.Mean percentage of BMSCs apoptosis in all groups except chitosan group were similar to control group. Mean percentage of BMSCs viability at all groups was similar to control group except chitosan film. In addition, no significant changes were observed in CAT activity and GSH and MDA levels in comparison with control group.After72hours,SOD activity in gelatin-chitosan group was significantly reduced compared to other groups. No cell differentiation was detected in all groups.
Conclusion: Results of proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and antioxidantactivity in cultured BMSCs on a gelatin–chitosanfilm showed that gelatin-chitosanfilm can be used in tissue engineering and cell therapy as a good model of a biodegradable scaffold.
Keywords: Antioxidant system, Bone Marrow StromalCells, Cell Proliferation andDifferentiation, Gelatin-Chitosan Film.