According to unevenly epidemiologic studies on health outcomes in Iran, some adverse outcomes such as poisoning especially in children less noticed. We were interested to write some childhood poisoning factsheets to provide easy to understand information on pitfalls and challenges around epidemiologic measures, etiology and prevention in this context. Valid evidences about childhood poisoning in Iran are scare, e.g. we searched the PubMed database with defined keywords including "Child" AND "Poisoning" AND "Iran" in April 2016 that resulted in 47 records. Same search strategy were applied for United States, Australia, Germany and Nigeria, the observed records were 2546, 363, 201 and 75 respectively. A concise review on these limited records, bring for us some fact sheets.