Background: Pregnancy induced hypertension is one of the most common causes of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. New born delivered to mothers with hypertension are more liable for intrauterine growth retardation and may be delivered prematurely. We aimed to determine the effect of pregnancy-induced hypertension on complete blood count, gestational age and birth weight of newborn.
Materials and Methods: This study includes 200 neonates, 100 neonates born to mothers diagnosed as having pregnancy induced hypertension this is considered as the study group and 100 neonates born in the same period to healthy mothers considered as the control group, the study conducted in the neonatal unit of the department of pediatrics and gynecological ward in AL-Imamein Al-Kadhimein Medical city, Iraq, from 1st August 2015 to 30th May 2016. Details of the baby including gender, Apgar score, birth weight and gestational age were recorded and hematological parameters (complete blood count) of both babies and mothers have been studied.
Results: The study showed the significant difference between the two groups regarding mode of delivery, 94% of mothers in study group delivered by cesarean section while 60% of control group, delivered by cesarean section. There was the significant effect of gestational hypertension on gestational age, birth weight, need for resuscitation, Apgar score, mean WBC count and mean platelet count since (P< 0.05). There were no significant differences between two groups regarding another element of complete blood count.
Conclusion: At current study, gestational hypertension affects adversely growth parameter, wellbeing and both WBC and platelet count of a newborn.