Consequences of fashion tendency on adolescents’ behaviors are not well documented. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of attitudes toward fashion on participation of adolescents’ students in physical activity and sport. We applied the theory of planned behavior as theoretical basis in the present study.
Materials and Methods: The present descriptive-correlational study was conducted on 384 students (192 boys and 192 girls) aged 12 to 15 years (mean age of 13.81±0.75 years) in grades 1, 2, and 3 from regular middle schools of Saqqez city, Kurdistan province, Iran, in 2019. The dependent variables included attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intention, and actual physical activity which were measured by standard questionnaires. Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman test, and structural equation method by using Smart-PLS software were utilized to analyze data.
Results: Results of Mann-Whitney U tests revealed no significant differences between boys and girls in all research variables. There were significant relationships between the components of the theory of planned behavior (e.g., attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) regarding fashion with intention to physical activity and actual physical activity behavior in adolescents (all p <0.001). Furthermore, the results of path analysis indicated that the components of the theory of planned behavior (e.g., attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) regarding fashion significantly influenced intention to physical activity and actual physical activity behavior of adolescents (all T>1.96).
People who tend to use fashion might consider sport and physical activity as a means to achieve good body fitness so that the clothes look more beautiful on their bodies.