Document Type : original article

Authors

1 Resident of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Associate professor of infectious disease, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Assistant professor of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4 assistant professor of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

10.22038/ijp.2022.65044.4918

Abstract

Background:

Nutritional issues during childhood plays an important role in people's health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation of family nutritional status on the body mass index (BMI) of children.

Methods and Material:

This observational cross-sectional-analytical study considered documents of 2697 kids with five years old under the auspices of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran in 2019. Their related documents as well as their nutritional status were registered in integrated health information system. Household demographic information including family nutritional information like fruit consumption, vegetable consumption, and daily dairy consumption, fast food consumption per week and type of oil consumed were questioned. Based on the weight percentile, they were categorized in four groups underweight, normal, obesity and overweight.

Results:

The present study showed that there were statistically significant differences between children's weight categories with daily consumption of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, fast food and oil (P <0.001). We found that there was not any significant relation of BMI with education, smoking and age of mothers. The relation between BMI and the different consumed nutritional variables was not significant (P>0.05).

Conclusion:

The results of the study showed that the daily consumption of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, different types of consumed oil and food consumption per week had a statistically significant relationship with weight categories of five years old children. Therefore, considering the important role of nutrition in children's health, it is critical to evaluate the nutritional condition of children during this period.

Keywords